The Great Cave of Arcy-sur-Cure has been visited for more than four centuries. Graffiti on the rock face dates from 1543. Archives mention the visits of Vauban, the Prince of Conde, the naturalist Buffon, the Duchess of Berry, granddaughter of Louis the XIVth. Frequented as a tourist attraction, for long it did not appear to have significant interest for archaeologists. It seemed less attractive from a prehistoric point of view than other caves on the site, the Bison cave, the Horse cave, the Hyena cave. In the early 1990s, a major discovery was made in the Great Cave: paintings which were carbon dated to 28 000 years, among the oldest in the world.